**by Emilia Bacharova**

**F****irst published in the German Journal “Wirtschaftsblatt” on 1. January 2000**

It seems that a medical doctor and researcher from Munich has succeeded in proving the existence of a **single law of nature** from which all other known physical laws can be derived. The results of this discovery were presented on November 2, 1999, in front of more than 400 scientists in the crowded plenary hall of the Bulgarian Academy of Sciences in Sofia by the discoverer, Georgi Stankov, and emphatically received by the guests. This event was preceded by another lecture at the International Symposium for Cosmonautics at the end of October in Sofia.

Einstein’s assumption that nature is governed by a single **Universal Law**, which he called the “field equation” (Feldgleichung) and sought to discover without success throughout his life, is thus clearly confirmed. The new theory of the Universal Law, which has already been published in 2 volumes of altogether 1100 pages in German and Bulgarian, unifies physics and cosmology for the first time in the history of science.

According to the wish of the author, the public presentation of this groundbreaking discovery was made in his homeland, Bulgaria, although a first announcement had already taken place the previous year at the annual conference of the German Physical Society in Regensburg.

The discovery of the Universal Law was accomplished six years ago when the Bulgarian Dr. Georgi Stankov, MD, owner of a private research institute in Munich, Germany, made an accidental discovery in the field of medicine. He found that a group of drugs, which had previously been used in a very limited way, displayed unusual healing effects in the treatment of a number of diseases, such as cancer, allergy, neurodermatitis, diabetes, etc., which bio-science had hitherto been unable to describe or explain. In fact, it is still not known how these diseases develop.

In an effort to find an explanation, which required two years of extensive research and analysis of the newest experimental results, Stankov succeeded in discovering a **novel biological principle of regulation**, with the help of which he could explain how the drugs function and how these diseases occur in accordance with the latest findings in these fields. The principle is based on the **conversion of energy in the cell**, which is commonly called “cell metabolism”. Stankov explained for the first time the regulation of the cell and of the whole organism in dynamic terms and developed a consistent quantum biophysical theory of disease aetiology based on the latest data.

**All laws of physics can be derived from the Universal Law**

Encouraged by this breakthrough in medicine and the bio-sciences, Stankov, who earned his doctorate in Heidelberg and has also a sound knowledge of physics and mathematics from his earlier studies in his native country, decided to search for the final solution in physics. In 1995, he succeeded in proving that all physical laws, such as Newton’s law of gravitation, the three axioms of classical mechanics, the two laws of thermodynamics, the gas laws, Boltzmann law, the radiation laws (Stefan-Boltzmann law and Wien’s displacement law), the four Maxwell’s equations of electromagnetism and the other laws of electricity, Planck’s equation of photon energy, Schrödinger wave equation of quantum mechanics and last but not least, Einstein’s equation of mass-energy equivalence are mathematical derivations of a universal equation that the scientist had first used in calculating cell metabolism. Stankov referred to this equation as the **Universal Law**.

The Universal Law is the universal mathematical equation, with the help of which all the energetic interactions in the universe can be fully assessed. The scientific proofs are presented in detail in two volumes.

Not only that, Stankov applied the universal equation consistently and discovered a number of fundamental natural constants that had previously eluded the attention of physicists. The magnitude of this achievement alone can be appreciated when one considers that it has been more than seventy years since the last natural constants in physics were discovered. With the help of the Universal Law, Stankov was able to integrate all known constants of nature and prove in this way that they form a unity. Table 1 below illustrates this unique synthesis on a sheet of paper. This is the greatest possible unification of physics in such a small space.

In late 1995, and early 1996, he made further groundbreaking discoveries in the field of cosmology, which resulted in the rejection of the Standard Model and the Big Bang hypothesis.

**Physics is applied mathematics**

Inspired by this success, Stankov searched tirelessly for an all-embracing epistemological foundation of the Universal Law also outside physics and found it in the summer of 1996 in the theory of mathematics. This led to the development of the **integrated axiomatics of physics and mathematics** that can also be paraphrased by the common expression “Theory of Everything, TOE“.

What are the main results of the discovery of the Universal Law? I asked Georgi Stankov:

“The new theory begins with a methodological analysis of the basic definitions in physics, which are exclusively mathematical in nature. Mathematics and geometry are built on a few basic concepts, such as number, continuum, point, line and surface that cannot be clarified by these sciences themselves. I found a similarly unsatisfactory situation in physics, which surprised me all the more because it was so obvious. But I had never heard that in physics one had seriously thought about it. One can read for example in the textbooks of physics that the concept of energy is not clarified, without any consequences being drawn from it. On the other hand, all the physical phenomena turn out to be energetic interactions. By tracing back all physical laws to a universal energy equation, I proved that they all describe the essence of energy. As you can see, I was concerned with the epistemological background of the basic physical concepts.”

**The continuum of mathematics captures the physical energy**

“So I faced the same problem in physics,” Stankov continues, “as the mathematicians in their discipline, ever since Gödel was able to prove in 1931 in his famous theorem that mathematics is not in the position to verify its validity by mathematical means. This triggered the famous **Foundation Crisis of mathematics** which can not be resolved until today – so it is deliberately ignored by all mathematicians. I realised that I had to render the **proof of existence** of mathematics, as already demanded by Dedekind, in the real physical world, that’s it, with the essence of energy.

The question I faced was, “Why can Nature be described mathematically?” The answer to this question led to the theoretical foundation of the Universal Law: Mathematics originates from our consciousness and has no external, real object of study. It is an abstract hermeneutic discipline that merely explores the laws of deductive reasoning and is thus the only adequate reflection of energy which mankind has developed so far.”

**All sciences have arisen from one primordial concept**

On the basis of this stringent conclusion, Stankov succeeded, according to the unanimous opinion of all Bulgarian scientists who have become familiar with the theory, in proving that both physics and mathematics originate from a single concept, which he defines as the **Primary Term of Human Consciousness**. This primordial concept can be expressed by innumerable designations that turn out to be tautologies (pleonasms) in terms of logic. It eludes any further definition, which necessarily entails additional secondary terms.

Stankov proved that all basic concepts of physics and mathematics can be derived axiomatically from the Primary Term, which is **energy = space-time** and can be expressed in mathematical formulas using the new **space-time symbolism**; he developed the latter by proving that **all SI units and dimensions can be reduced to space and time**. Table 2. below illustrates this fundamental physical fact that has remained hidden from scientists for 4 centuries since Galilei founded physics. It is the greatest possible simplification of our physical view of the world.

“The idea is not new”, admits Stankov frankly: “We encounter this basic idea in philosophy, which runs like a red thread from antiquity to the beginnings of modern times. Heraclitus speaks of “logos”, the “word”, with which he describes the “primordial fire” of nature – a basic idea that also served as a template for the idea of God in Christianity. Known as *caesaropapism*, it became the ordering principle of the state of the late Roman and Byzantine empires, from which, in turn, the modern European civilisation emerged. Aristotle, in his further development of Platonism, begins with the logical rules of how to build categories and categorical systems of human knowledge from a few basic concepts.

We encounter the idea of the existence of the Primary Term of human consciousness from which the external world can be described according to the strict rules of geometry again in Descartes and Spinoza. Is the thinking, the consciousness, thus “cogito ergo sum” the starting point of all philosophical considerations for Descartes and the Cartesians, assumes Spinoza the existence of an all-pervading “substance”, which in Latin means “that which is below, the underlying”. By speaking of “*natura naturans*” (creationary nature) and “*natura naturata*” (created nature), Spinoza sets at the beginning of his “Ethics according to the geometrical method“, the equality between energy as creationary nature and substance as created nature, that is, the equivalence between God and the Universe.

I call this fundamental tautology of the Primary Term, which at that time was perceived as blasphemy and was casually paraphrased by Hilbert 200 years later in his mathematical formalism with the remark that one can replace the basic concepts of geometry like line, point and surface with a table, a chair and a beer mug without changing the validity of this science as the “**Principle of Last Equivalence”**. This is the first and only *a priori* axiom of the **new physical and mathematical Axiomatics** of the Universal Law”.

**Energy is equivalent to Space-Time**

The first fundamental statement of the new theory begins with the following simple and irrefutable proposition:

**Energy and space-time (= expansion, space) are identical.**

Stankov proves that energy and space-time are equivalent terms within the inherent limitations of the human senses (see also this video).

“But if energy and space-time, understood as an extension, are one and the same, then **there is no such thing as “vacuum**“, which until today has been a central cognitive dogma of physics”, Stankov objects: “The energy or space-time is then a **continuum**, it is *gapless*. The consequences from this realisation radically change our physical worldview.”

**The paradigm shift of physics: Photons have mass and charge**

The results Stankov presents are indeed groundbreaking. By rejecting the concept of the vacuum, which is unrestrictedly adopted as empty space in both Newtonian mechanics and Einstein’s theory of relativity, he proves, that the photons, which are considered today to be “massless” and “charge-free”, have both mass as well as charge. He derives two new fundamental constants – the **mass** and **charge of the basic photon**. These he puts into the Universal Equation and derives the mass, charge, energy, magnetic moments, and a number of other fundamental constants of the elementary particles, which so far could be obtained experimentally but could not be explained from a cognitive point of view (see Table 1 above).

In this context, the Bulgarian scientist quotes the renowned astrophysicist Hawking, who became famous for his search for the world formula, and in his best-selling popular book “A Brief History of Time” quasi-predicted Stankov’s discovery:

*“The laws of nature contain, as far as we know today, some basic numbers, such as the magnitude of the electric charge of the electron and the mass ratio of the proton and the electron. We cannot derive the value of these numbers – at least at the present time – from theory; we have to take them from observational data. It may be that one day we will discover a complete unified theory that predicts them all…”.*

Stankov not only predicted them all, but he explained them at the same time. Thus he proved, for instance, that the **mass of the fundamental photon** follows from the classical experiment of *Compton scattering*, which has been misinterpreted so far. Above all, he shows how the Universal Equation can be used to derive many **new natural constants **in physics. Thus he described the principal way how to arrive at a purely **numerical model of the universe**.

**Modern economic theory is based on the Universal Law**

This model is identical to the concept of the *continuum of numbers*, which is the basis of *set theory* and mathematics. Here Stankov closes the arc of his analysis by proving that all empirical sciences are, without exception, at first imprecise descriptive disciplines before they ultimately evolve into exact mathematical sciences in the process of their development. As a prime example, he cites economics, which he explains in his popular-scientific Bulgarian bestseller on the discovery of the Universal Law (see also here). The author shows how the utopian and social-philosophical designs of the 18th and 19th centuries evolved into sophisticated mathematical models of microeconomics, macroeconomics, stochastics and game theory and thus are intuitive perceptions of the Universal Law at the economic and societal level.

In particular, this is true of *Keynes’ theory* of state control and *monetarism*. Since these theories determine the macroeconomic policies of the present left and right-wing parties worldwide, the new economic theory of the Universal Law proves to be of immense actual value. Stankov is firmly convinced that one day politics will also submit to the strict rules of mathematics, which is the only adequate reflection of the Universal Law in order to eliminate the arbitrariness of political statements and actions as the greatest evil of the present time (here).

“Admittedly, what is needed is a new type of politician capable also of new binding ethics, which necessarily results from the Universal Law”, Stankov interjects: “This requirement does not only apply to Bulgaria, which is struggling to emerge from the current economic crisis, but also for the developed industrialised countries, such as Germany, which are showing increasingly clear signs of political inability to implement the necessary societal reforms in line with the advancing globalisation of world markets, i.e., with the demands of modern times.

On the eve of the third millennium, the discovery of the Universal Law is not only an intellectual challenge for scientists and politicians, but it is above all an invitation to a global paradigm shift and total reconstruction of human society.”