**Georgi Stankov, May 18, 2017**

The** hot expanding hypothesis** of the standard model in cosmology assumes that the universe, as observed today, has evolved from a state of homogeneous energy with a negligible space and incredible density which exploded in a small fraction of a second. This initial state of the universe is described as the “**big bang**“. Since then, the **visible universe** – recall that cosmologists can only perceive the visible universe – is believed to have been expanding incessantly. For further information on the “big bang” hypothesis and how this bogus idea was introduced historically in science read also this article:

**The “Big Bang” Is Yet to Come in the Empty Brain Cavities of the Cosmologists – Two PAT Opinions**

In the context of this cosmological outlook, **Hubble’s law** is interpreted as a “law of expansion“. As this law is an application of the universal equation, we must reject this cosmological interpretation on axiomatic grounds. I have shown that Hubble’s law assesses the constant space-time of the visible universe (see my previous article). The two natural constants that are derived from this law, the **radius of the visible universe *** R_{U} *and

**Hubble time**assessing the

**age**of the expanding universe

**1**

**/**=

**H**_{o }**=**

*A*_{U}**1/**, give the constant

*f*_{vis}*space*and

*time*of the

**visible universe**and confirm this conclusion. In this way I eliminate the first basic pillar of the standard model – the interpretation of Hubble’s law as a law of universal expansion.

We shall now present additional proofs for this irrefutable conclusion. The idea of the expanding universe is a consequence of the faulty idea of **homogeneous** space-time in the *theory of relativity*. I have shown in the new physical and mathematical theory of the Universal Law (volume I and volume II) that Einstein had not completely corrected the empty Euclidean space of classical mechanics, but had only introduced the reciprocity of space and time for the systems of matter.

Einstein regarded the gravitational objects as embedded in empty and “massless” photon space-time defined as vacuum, which is an absolutely wrong idea (I have proved that photons have mass and thus eliminated another epic blunder of present-day cosmology – the existence of “**dark matter**“- that alone makes it to fake science). With respect to the reciprocity of space and time, he assumed in the *general theory of relativity* that vacuum could be curved or bent by local gravitation. The current interpretation is that the path of light is attracted by local gravitational potentials and for this reason cannot be a straight line in space.

When this space-time concept is applied to cosmology, it inevitably leads to the neglect of the **finite lifetimes** **of stars**, as they have been described by *Chandrasekhar* and have been only later verified in modern astrophysics. The finite lifetime of any gravitational system is a consequence of the energy exchange between matter and photon space-time.